The U.S. Government regulates the export of software.  Among other things, these export controls focus on the design, function, capabilities, and end-use of software and whether the software contains encryption. The encryption controls apply even if the software is embedded or otherwise contained in electronic assemblies or other equipment.  The controls also apply to technical assistance with encryption.  Properly assessing the control status of software and technical assistance; registration, classification, notification, and licensing requirements; and the availability, scope and limitation of ITAR exemptions and EAR exceptions is essential to compliance.